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Portrait go still life? Roast or face? "Cook" - one of the most successful and entertaining visual illusions of Arcimboldo. The court portrait painter of Emperor Maximilian portrayed the cook, which once again earned the praise of a high person.
The image with anthropomorphic features is based on the technique of pareidolia (the creation of illusions and based on images of other real objects). On an open silver tray are a whole baked rabbit, turkey and piglet. In truth, the imperial treat. When the canvas is rotated, they turn into rather gloomy features of the human face, and the plate becomes an element of knightly armor. A little imagination and green leaves become an elegant feather. Such experiments were not uncommon in the Renaissance. Giuseppe Arcimboldo was their recognized master during his lifetime.
“Genesis defines consciousness” - an artist of the sixteenth century tried to express this postulate long before Hegel and Marx in the film “Cook”. But he expressed it not with a pen, but with a brush. The second “inverted” image unambiguously hints to the viewer about the dualism of being (its two principles). Rene Descartes came close to understanding this philosophical category, a hundred years later. It is difficult to interpret the paintings of Archimboldo, because the viewer is separated from the Renaissance several hundred years.
Some scholars consider the artist’s work to be an anticipation of surrealism. Its imitators can be found even in the 21st century. The picture is perfectly preserved to this day. You can meet her at the National Museum of Sweden in Stockholm.
Raphael Sistine Madonna